Located about 40km from the city of Oaxaca, Mitla is a Zapotec archaeological site and it is the second most important site in Oaxaca, after Monte Albán. It owes its name to the Mexica, who named it “Mixtlán”, which means “Place of the Dead”, although its Zapotec name is Lyobaa, which means “place of rest” or “cemetery”.
It differs from any other archaeological zone in the region by the varied ornamentation of its buildings through a system of limestone frets. The monuments that can be visited here are divided into five groups, four of which are very similar to each other, since they are formed by two quadrangular courtyards surrounded by large rooms on each side. The other group is one courtyard surrounded by stepped foundations made of adobe.